Botanical Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Common Name: Bearberry, Kinnikinnick  
Plant photo of: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
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Water Saving Tip:

Group plants in your garden according to their water needs (hydrozone).

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Broadleaf Evergreen, Shrub, Ground cover


Height Range

Under 1'


Flower Color

Pink, White


Flower Season



Leaf Color

Dark Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season

Summer, Fall


Half, Shade



Low, Medium


Growth Rate

Moderate, Slow


Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

English Cottage, Japanese, Ranch, Seascape, Native Garden, Woodland


Accenting Features

Showy Flowers


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring


Location Uses

Entry, Shrub Border, Foundation, Parking Strip, With Rocks


Special Uses

Erosion Control, Mass Planting, Fire Resistant, Small Spaces


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Steve Mullany
  • Description

  • Notes

A Utah native. Finely textured, dark glossy foliage is evergreen; one of the few broad leafed evergreens for our region. Pinkish, bell-shaped flowers appear in early spring, followed by purplish berries in late summer that persist into winter. New wood growth is an attractive reddish purple. Grows 3-6" x 5-6' wide. This is a very good groundcover for somewhat shady areas. There are kinickinnick planted in the Greater Avenues Water Conservation Garden.
Grow in part to full shade, in average to poor, well-drained soils. Slow to established, and it is sensitive to being over-watered. Berries are valued by birds. Plant where it is protected from hot summer sun and drying winter winds. Does not need pruning other than to keep it within the space allotted. A popular western native, there are many cultivars that have been commercial developed, including 'Alaska,' Massachusetts,' 'Point Reyes,' and 'Woods Compact.' Berries are good for birds, but are not recommended for human consumption.