Botanical Name: Bouteloua gracilis
Common Name: Blue Grama  
Plant photo of: Bouteloua gracilis
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Water Saving Tip:

Group plants in your garden according to their water needs (hydrozone).

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Ground cover, Perennial, Grass


Height Range

Under 1', 1-3'


Flower Color

Gold, Green


Flower Season

Summer, Fall


Leaf Color

Green, Yellow Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season






Very Low


Growth Rate

Moderate, Slow


Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Japanese, Meadow, Mediterranean, Spanish


Accenting Features



Seasonal Interest

Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Perennial Border, Lawn, Parking Strip, Roadside, Walkways, With Rocks


Special Uses

Cut Flowers, Erosion Control, Mass Planting, Lawn Alternative, Naturalizing


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: El Nativo Growers, Inc.
  • Description

  • Notes

This warm-season grass is a plains native, and tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Particularly useful as either a mowed or unmowed lawn. Unmowed, it grows up to 20 inches, including the flower. Attached to the stem at a right angle, the flowers resemble tiny combs. Flowers are attractive in arrangements. It can be mowed to a height of 2 inches for a more formal look, though you'll loose out on the attractive flower. Tolerant of drought and poor soils. Also attractive as single plants, especially tucked into rock gardens.
Basically disease- and pest-free. Grows best in full sun. If using as a lawn, mix with sideoats grama and buffalograss for an attractive, hardy turf. Mowing promotes thick sod development. As a warm-season grass, Blue Grama goes dormant when the temperatures drop in the fall.