Botanical Name: Miscanthus sinensis
Common Name: Japanese Silver Grass, Maiden grass  
Plant photo of: Miscanthus sinensis
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Water Saving Tip:

Group plants in your garden according to their water needs (hydrozone).

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Perennial, Grass


Height Range

3-6', 6-12'


Flower Color

Pink, Purple, Red, White


Flower Season

Summer, Fall


Leaf Color

Green, White, Variegated


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half



Medium, Extra in Summer


Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Moist


Soil pH



Adverse Factors


Design Styles

English Cottage, Formal, Japanese, Mediterranean, Water Garden, Wetlands, Native Garden, Woodland


Accenting Features

Showy Flowers, Unusual Foliage


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Perennial Border, Shrub Border, Foundation, Park, Swimming Pool, Walls / Fences, With Rocks


Special Uses

Container, Cut Flowers, Filler, Screen, Mass Planting


Attracts Wildlife

Birds, Butterflies

Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: El Nativo Growers, Inc.
  • Description

  • Notes

Miscanthus is a large group of ornamental grasses ranging from a few feet to over 7 or 8 feet tall. Blade colors range from solid green, to green with silver mid-ribs, to variegated forms. Plumes are generally held well above foliage clumps, appearing in late summer to early fall, depending on the variety, and may be cut for fresh or dry arrangements.
Miscanthus grow in full sun to bright shade, though white variegated forms appreciate a little mid-day shade. Provide well drained soils; sandy-loam to clay-loam will do just fine. All Miscanthus should be cut back in late winter to early spring, about the time that spring bulbs are emerging. Cut back to within inches of the ground. Like other ornamental grasses, Miscanthus pairs well with spring flowering bulbs. See Guides for details.