Botanical Name: Abies concolor
Common Name: White Fir  
Plant photo of: Abies concolor
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Water Saving Tip:

Group plants in your garden according to their water needs (hydrozone).

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer


Height Range

40-60', 60-100'


Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Blue Green, Grey, Silver


Bark Color

Grey, White


Fruit Color

Brown, Purple


Fruit Season



Full, Half





Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Formal, Japanese, Meadow, Ranch, Woodland


Accenting Features

Specimen, Unusual Foliage


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Park, With Rocks


Special Uses

Screen, Wind Break


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: JJ Neilson Arboretum
  • Description

  • Notes

White fir has a stiff, conical habit, dense, grayish-blue needles, and upright cones. It is the most tolerant of all the firs with respect to heat and pollution. It is also the fir best suited for use in our lower elevation, urban landscapes. It reaches 50 to 60 feet tall and 15 to 25 feet wide, at a moderate rate. Bark is smooth, white gray in color. Foliage is beautiful all year round. White fir is a Utah native, but it is a higher elevation species and as such, appreciates supplemental irrigation during the hot summer months. But don't overwater, either.
White Fir needs well draining soil, full to part sun, and supplemental irrigation. It provides food and cover for grouse, squirrels, quail; deer also enjoy it so keep that in mind if you live in an urban-wildland interface. Like many evergreens, white fir look rather odd when "limbed-up" so plant where its low-sweeping branches have room and are an asset.