Botanical Name: Juniperus procumbens
Common Name: Japanese Juniper  
Plant photo of: Juniperus procumbens
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Water Saving Tip:

Even though it's hot, your lawn only needs to be watered twice a week to stay healthy.

And don't water the whole lawn for a brown spot—drag out a hose.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Conifer, Shrub, Ground cover


Height Range



Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Blue Green


Bark Color

Brown, Grey


Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half



Very Low, Low


Growth Rate

Moderate, Slow


Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Formal, Japanese, Mediterranean, Ranch, Seascape, Spanish


Accenting Features



Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Entry, Shrub Border, Foundation, Parking Strip, Patio, Park, Parking Lot, Walls / Fences, With Rocks


Special Uses

Cascade, Erosion Control, Topiary, Mass Planting, Small Spaces


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Gordon Courtright
  • Description

  • Notes

Another low-growing juniper species, these tend to form ground-hugging mats, which makes them nice to use with walls or around large rocks. Typically a little more stiff than J. horizontalis. Generally less than 2 feet high, though sometimes up to 3 feet; spread ranges from 8 to 15 feet, though they are slow growing. It has small, evergreen, blue-green to gray green scales, depending on the cultivar.
It prefers full sun with occasional watering once it's established. Though it seems indifferent to soil type, good drainage is a must. Its foliage and form are best when left un-sheared. Though junipers do well in low water conditions, they need regular and adequate water to become established. Avoid shearing or shaping, as it makes the shrub woody.