Botanical Name: Ginkgo biloba
Common Name: Ginkgo; Maidenhair tree  
Plant photo of: Ginkgo biloba
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Water Saving Tip:

Group plants in your garden according to their water needs (hydrozone).

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type



Height Range

40-60', 60-100'


Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Light Green


Bark Color

Brown, Grey


Fruit Color



Fruit Season






Low, Medium


Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Formal, Japanese, Mediterranean, Ranch, Spanish, Woodland


Accenting Features

Fall Color, Silhouette, Specimen, Unusual Foliage


Seasonal Interest

Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Shrub Border, Patio, Park, Street Tree, Walls / Fences


Special Uses

Screen, Mass Planting, Shade Tree


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Greg Applegate, Connon N.
  • Description

  • Notes

Ginkgo is a tough, durable, slow-growing deciduous tree that reaches 40 to 70 feet tall and 20 to 40 feet wide. It has a strong central leader and horizontal branching that gives it a strong, architectural look, even in winter. Its distinct fan-shaped leaves are a rich green, and upon turning yellow in the fall, have the interesting habit of dropping at nearly the same time. Many cultivars are available, including columnar forms. Most trees sold are male, as the female has an odiferous fruit.
Ginkgo grows best in full sun and well drained soils. It displays a tolerance for a wide range of soil types and pH, though will not grow in wet soils. Drought, heat, and salt tolerant. No pest or disease problems. It is slow growing, so patience and a long vision are necessary, but they are worthy of the wait.