Botanical Name: Tilia americana
Common Name: American Linden  
Plant photo of: Tilia americana
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Water Saving Tip:

Group plants in your garden according to their water needs (hydrozone).

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type



Height Range

40-60', 60-100'


Flower Color

Yellow, White


Flower Season



Leaf Color



Bark Color

Brown, Grey


Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half



Medium, Extra in Summer


Growth Rate



Soil Type

Clay, Loam


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Moist


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors

Attracts Bees, Messy

Design Styles

Formal, Woodland


Accenting Features

Fragrance, Specimen


Seasonal Interest



Location Uses

Background, Lawn, Patio, Park


Special Uses

Screen, Shade Tree


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Steve Mullany
  • Description

  • Notes

American Linden is native to eastern North America. It is a large, deciduous tree with an oval to spreading pyramidal form that is very distinctive in the winter. Grows about 50 to 70 feet tall and nearly as wide, though size varies greatly between cultivars. Leaves are broadly heart-shaped and dark green avove and pale green to silvery underneath. Autumn foliage is yellow. Flowers are small and nearly hidden by the foliage, but you'll know they are there by the honey-clove scent in late June to early July. Followed by very small, round, fuzzy nutlets. Bark is grey-brown with distinctive, flat-topped ridges. Great shade or lawn tree.
Grow in well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Prefers fertile, well-drained loams. Tolerates some drought once established. Some think the tree messay, what with the flowers and the little nutlets, but the flowers are divinely fragrant, and make a charming mat under the tree when they are spent.