Botanical Name: Pinus thunbergii
Common Name: Japanese Black Pine  
Plant photo of: Pinus thunbergii
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Water Saving Tip:

Group plants in your garden according to their water needs (hydrozone).

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer


Height Range

12-25', 25-40', 40-60'


Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Green, White


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half



Medium, High


Growth Rate

Moderate, Slow


Soil Type

Clay, Loam, Rocky


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Formal, Japanese, Woodland


Accenting Features

Silhouette, Specimen, Unusual Shape


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Foundation


Special Uses



Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Acacia/George/Mullany
  • Description

  • Notes

Japanese black pine is noted for its whitish terminal buds that provide interesting contrast with its dark green foliage. Though growing larger in optimum conditions, typically it is more often seen in the 20 to 60 feet tall and 12 to 20 feet wide. It is upright and rounded, becoming broad with age. Young foliage candles are upright. Oval, brown cones are less than 3 inches long. As the tree ages, bark turns dark purplish-gray and fissures into plates. Synonymous with P. thunbergiana.
Grow in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some light afternoon shade and some drought. Salt tolerant.