Botanical Name: Pelargonium x hortorum
Common Name: Garden Geranium  
Plant photo of: Pelargonium x hortorum
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Water Saving Tip:

Apply a layer of mulch around plants to reduce moisture loss.

Choose organic mulches, such as shredded bark, compost or aged sawdust.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Perennial, Annual


Height Range



Flower Color

Orange, Pink, Red, Violet, White, Multi-Colored


Flower Season

Spring, Summer, Fall


Leaf Color

Bronze, Green, Dark Green, Red, White, Yellow, Variegated


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half





Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained


Soil pH



Adverse Factors


Design Styles

English Cottage, Mediterranean, Ranch, Spanish


Accenting Features

Showy Flowers


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Indoor, Patio, Raised Planter


Special Uses



Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: GardenSoft
  • Description

  • Notes

Garden Geraniums are shrubby, tender perennials that we grow as annuals due to their distaste of our cold winters. They come in a wealth of colors, both flowers and leaves. The flowers are actually clusters of lots of small flowers, blooming nearly all summer. The leaves are large, round, sometimes lobed, sometimes scalloped, typically green, though some have fabulous zones of red or mahogany, while others have white or other variegations. Many have a pleasant, musky scent. There are also ivy geraniums and scented geraniums; see those data sheets for more information.
Grow geraniums in full sun to part/light shade, in well amended, well draining soil. Geraniums are particularly well suited to container culture. Deadheading will encourage steady, summer-long blooming, and regular feeding with a fertilizer high in phosphorus and potassium will also keep them blooming. They combine well with alyssum, gomphrena, and petunias, though I admit a preference for mixing them with salvia, in honor of the A.A. Milne poem about the Dormouse (delphiniums just don't do well here...) Geraniums overwinter very well indoors if given a sunny winter and not a heavy hand in watering.