Botanical Name: Narcissus
Common Name: Daffodil  
Plant photo of: Narcissus
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Water Saving Tip:

Apply a layer of mulch around plants to reduce moisture loss.

Choose organic mulches, such as shredded bark, compost or aged sawdust.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Perennial, Bulb


Height Range

Under 1', 1-3'


Flower Color

Orange, Pink, Yellow, White


Flower Season

Winter, Spring


Leaf Color

Green, Blue Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Full, Half



Very Low, Low


Growth Rate



Soil Type

Clay, Loam


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained


Soil pH



Adverse Factors


Design Styles

English Cottage, Formal, Japanese, Meadow, Mediterranean, Ranch, Spanish, Woodland


Accenting Features

Fragrance, Showy Flowers


Seasonal Interest



Location Uses

Background, Entry, Perennial Border, Shrub Border, Foundation, Parking Strip, Patio, Raised Planter, Walls / Fences, Walkways, With Rocks


Special Uses

Cut Flowers, Mass Planting, Naturalizing, Small Spaces


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Linda Engstrom
  • Description

  • Notes

Daffodils are spring flowering bulbs that offer amazing color and bloom at a time when most garden perennials are only just waking up. They are divided into 13 divisions, which refer to the size of the cup or corona, and the perianth (or petals) and their relative sizes to each other. Some are fragrant. Colors are in the whites, yellow, oranges, pink, apricot, and so one, and many with different cup and perianth colors. All are perennial, some naturalize, a few are not cold hardy (the paperwhites come to mind).
Plant in full sun or at least 8 hours worth (after the leaves are on the trees) in well drained, well amended (loamy) soil. They are pest free, and unlike tulips, not tasty to deer. Deadhead to discourage seed formation, but otherwise leave the foliage until it is fully spent and laying on the ground. Plant late emerging grasses or perennials around them to hide the spent foliage. There is no need to dig them up every year, just plant them 3-times as deep as they are wide and let them be. Plant bulbs in the fall and water well at planting. They do well in low-water gardens but are not necessarily xeric, but over-watering may cause them to be short-lived. See Guides for more information.