Botanical Name: Eschscholzia californica
Common Name: California Poppy  
Plant photo of: Eschscholzia californica
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Water Saving Tip:

Change spray sprinklers to low-flow bubbler or drip systems. Shrubs and trees are ideal candidates for this type of irrigation because the water is applied directly to the root zones.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Perennial, Annual


Height Range

Under 1'


Flower Color

Gold, Orange, Yellow


Flower Season



Leaf Color

Grey Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season








Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Rocky


Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH



Adverse Factors


Design Styles

English Cottage, Meadow, Mediterranean, Ranch, Spanish


Accenting Features

Showy Flowers


Seasonal Interest



Location Uses

Perennial Border, Parking Strip, Parking Lot, Raised Planter, Roadside, With Rocks


Special Uses

Filler, Mass Planting, Fire Resistant, Naturalizing, Small Spaces


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Steve Mullany
  • Description

  • Notes

California poppies are delightful, bushy plants with silky, four-petaled, cup-shaped flowers in shades of yellow, orange, and red. The flowers open on sunny days, and only last a day, but the plant blooms profusely in spring to early summer. Foliage is green-grey and deeply cut, nearly ferny in appearance. Plants may grow 8 to 20 inches tall, depending on the variety.
Prefers sandy, poor, gravelly soils that are very well drained. Grow in full sun. A perennial, it is treated as an annual here as it isn't cold hardy. However, if in the right place it will reseed with abandon and poppies will abound year after year. They do not transplant well, so starting from seed is the best means of adding this to your garden.