Botanical Name: Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata'
Common Name: Pyramidal European Hornbean  
Plant photo of: Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata'
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Water Saving Tip:

Fix leaking sprinklers, valves, and pipes.

One broken spray sprinkler can waste 10 gallons per minute - or 100 gallons in a typical 10 minute watering cycle.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type



Height Range



Flower Color

Green, Yellow


Flower Season



Leaf Color

Dark Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season

Summer, Fall


Full, Half





Growth Rate



Soil Type

Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Poor, Well-drained, Moist, Dry


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

English Cottage, Formal, Mediterranean, Spanish


Accenting Features

Fall Color, Silhouette


Seasonal Interest

Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Shrub Border, Walls / Fences


Special Uses

Hedge, Screen, Mass Planting, Wind Break, Shade Tree, Small Spaces


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
  • Description

  • Notes

This Hornbeam is narrow when young, spreading into a broad cone-shape with age. Grows 35 feet tall and about 20 to 25 feet wide. Dark green, slightly toothed leaves turn yellow in the fall, and the foliage persists into the early winter months. Flowering catkins form in early spring before the foliage emerges; male catkins are yellowish and female catkins are greenish. Fruits are small nutlets in 3-lobed bracts that appear in drooping 5-inch long clusters in summer. Symmetrical and formal in appearance.
Grow in sun to part shade in well-drained soil, in any but sandy soils. It requires little prunng to maintain its tidy appearance, though it will tolerate some shaping if a hedge-like look is desired. It is heat and drought resistant, and seems to be relatively free of disease and pest problems.