Botanical Name: Canna
Common Name: Canna Lily  
Plant photo of: Canna
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Water Saving Tip:

Change spray sprinklers to low-flow bubbler or drip systems. Shrubs and trees are ideal candidates for this type of irrigation because the water is applied directly to the root zones.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Perennial, Annual, Bulb


Height Range

1-3', 3-6'


Flower Color

Gold, Orange, Pink, Red, Yellow, White, Multi-Colored


Flower Season

Summer, Fall


Leaf Color

Bronze, Green, Dark Green, Red, Yellow, Variegated


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season






Medium, High, Extra in Summer


Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Moist, Dry


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Formal, Mediterranean, Ranch, Spanish, Tropical, Water Garden


Accenting Features

Showy Flowers


Seasonal Interest

Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Entry, Patio


Special Uses



Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
  • Description

  • Notes

Cannas are a wonderful, bold, tropical-looking plants that emerge from tuberous rootstocks, and range in height from 2 to 10 feet, but are usually pretty narrow compared to their height. The foliage is large, lance-shaped, and may range from green to bronze to purple, and even striped. Flowers bloom mid to late summer, and range in shades of yellow, oranges, reds, and corals. As they are not dependably hardy, enjoy them in containers and raised planters.
A perennial in warmer climates, canna are not dependably winter hardy (they are listed as being hardy to USDA 7). Grow in well drained soil in full sun (though if you want them to over-winter, they need to be in a full sun location with a lot of radiant heat from walls, walks, or drives). Sort of indifferent to soil type, but it must be well draining, especially if they are to over-winter. If you want to leave them over winter, mulch well. For instructions on storing indoors, see Guides. Tolerant of a great deal of water (they can even be planted in pots that are submerged in ponds), they are also remarkably heat and drought tolerant.