Botanical Name: Buxus sempervirens
Common Name: English Boxwood  
Plant photo of: Buxus sempervirens
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Water Saving Tip:

Replace turf with groundcovers, trees, and shrubs. If you have areas where no one uses the grass, patches that do not grow well, or a turf area too small to water without runoff, consider replacing the turf with water-efficient landscaping.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Broadleaf Evergreen, Shrub


Height Range

1-3', 3-6', 6-12', 12-25'


Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Green, Dark Green, Variegated


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season



Half, Shade



Medium, High


Growth Rate



Soil Type

Clay, Loam


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Moist


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

English Cottage, Formal, Japanese, Mediterranean, Ranch, Spanish


Accenting Features

Silhouette, Unusual Foliage


Seasonal Interest



Location Uses

Background, Entry, Perennial Border, Shrub Border, Foundation, Walls / Fences


Special Uses

Cut Flowers, Hedge, Screen, Topiary, Small Spaces


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Steve Mullany,Connon N.
  • Description

  • Notes

This group of boxwood is comprised of many cultivars that vary in size and somewhat in form. Those most commonly available here in clude 'Grahm Blandy' (columnar to 8 feet), 'Suffruticosa' (rounded form to 3 feet), and 'Inglis' (pyramidal to 7 feet). All are evergreen, with medium to dark green foliage and are generally very cold hardy.
Best grown in loamy, well-drained soil in part to full shade. Prefers snady-loam to clay-loam soils, acidic to slightly alkaline pH. Avoid cultivating around plants because they have shallow roots. Thin plants and remove dead/damaged branches annually as needed to improve air circulation. In our hot, dry climate, boxwood is best sited in a sheltered location that will protect it in winter from strong winds and full sun. Carefully remove snow accumulations from plants as quickly as practicable to minimize stem/branch damage. Though not a low water plant, when provided the right soil, light, and mulch, boxwood can manage on just one watering per week.