Botanical Name: Buddleja davidii 'African Queen'
Common Name: African Queen Butterfly Bush  
Plant photo of: Buddleja davidii 'African Queen'
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Water Saving Tip:

Replace turf with groundcovers, trees, and shrubs. If you have areas where no one uses the grass, patches that do not grow well, or a turf area too small to water without runoff, consider replacing the turf with water-efficient landscaping.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type



Height Range



Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Grey Green


Bark Color

Brown, Grey


Fruit Color



Fruit Season






Low, Medium


Growth Rate

Fast, Moderate


Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors

Attracts Bees

Design Styles

English Cottage, Formal, Mediterranean, Ranch


Accenting Features

Fragrance, Showy Flowers


Seasonal Interest



Location Uses

Background, Perennial Border, Shrub Border, Foundation, Patio, Walls / Fences


Special Uses

Cut Flowers, Hedge, Screen, Small Spaces


Attracts Wildlife

Hummingbirds, Butterflies

Information by: Stephanie Duer
  • Description

  • Notes

'African Queen' is a large buddleia with panicles of fragrant, rosy-purple, summer flowers. Grows about 8 feet tall and wide. Use in a shrub or foundation border. Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees; deer resistant.
Buddleia flower on new wood, so a hard pruning in late winter to early spring will encourage alot of branches and alot of flowers. Buddleia sometimes die-back in our colder winters, so prune hard to remove dead wood. If you want to try to keep your buddleia taller, when you prune, cut off the outward, arching branches, leaving the taller, central limbs in place. Attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds; resistent to deer. Grow in full sun to part shade, but best flowering occurs with full sun. Grow in well-drained soil; adaptive to soil types, from poor, dry soils to sandy-loam and clay-loam soils. A great cut flower.