Botanical Name: Pinus strobus
Common Name: Eastern White Pine  
Plant photo of: Pinus strobus
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Water Saving Tip:

Change spray sprinklers to low-flow bubbler or drip systems. Shrubs and trees are ideal candidates for this type of irrigation because the water is applied directly to the root zones.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Tree, Conifer


Height Range

40-60', 60-100'


Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Green, Blue Green


Bark Color

Brown, Grey


Fruit Color



Fruit Season

Fall, Persistent


Full, Half





Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam


Soil Condition

Average, Rich, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Acid, Neutral


Adverse Factors


Design Styles

Formal, Mediterranean, Ranch, Woodland


Accenting Features



Seasonal Interest



Location Uses

Background, Shrub Border, Patio, Park


Special Uses

Screen, Mass Planting, Wind Break, Shade Tree


Attracts Wildlife


Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Linda Engstrom
  • Description

  • Notes

Eastern white pine is a fast growing, pyramidal tree with strong, horizontal branches, growing about 50 to 80 feet tall and 15 to 20 feet wide. It has long, blue green needles that lends it an airy, open appearance. 8-inch long cones are pendulous and ripen in the fall. A columnar form, P. s. 'Fastigiata" has a similar, open habit but grows only about 7 to 10 feet across.
Grow in well-drained soil in full sun, though it is tolerant of some shade. Prefers fertile, loamy soils, but tolerates a wide variety of soil conditions.