Botanical Name: Yucca filamentosa
Common Name: Adam's Needle  
Plant photo of: Yucca filamentosa
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Water Saving Tip:

Apply as little fertilizer as possible.

If you use fertilizer make sure it stays on the landscape, and carefully water it in so there is NO runoff.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Broadleaf Evergreen, Shrub


Height Range



Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Green, Grey Green


Bark Color



Fruit Color



Fruit Season






Very Low


Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Rocky


Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors

Invasive, Thorns/Spines

Design Styles

Japanese, Meadow, Mediterranean, Ranch, Spanish


Accenting Features

Showy Flowers, Silhouette, Specimen


Seasonal Interest

Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall


Location Uses

Background, Shrub Border, Foundation, Walls / Fences, With Rocks


Special Uses

Erosion Control, Hedge, Screen, Mass Planting, Naturalizing


Attracts Wildlife

Birds, Hummingbirds, Butterflies

Information by: Stephanie Duer
  • Description

  • Notes

Adam’s needle (also commonly called Spanish bayonet, yucca, and needle palm) is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub). It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30” long and to 4” wide) with long curly threads along the margins. Leaves form a clump to 2 to 3 feet tall. In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5 to 8 feet tall, but infrequently to 12 feet, bearing fragrant, nodding, bell-shaped, creamy white flowers. Fruits are capsules and are edible. Use in rock gardens, as an architectural accent, in a meadow-type planting, or planted among a mass of ornamental grasses. Evergreen.
Grow in well drained, sandy-gravelly soil in full sun, though is surprisingly tolerant of some part shade. No maintenance is needed, though you can remove the flower scape after the plant has finished blooming. The leaves are spiny, so plant it where it won't interfere with a walkway. Yucca are clumping, and so in time will form large colonies.