Botanical Name: Salvia officinalis
Common Name: Garden Sage, Common Sage  
Plant photo of: Salvia officinalis
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Water Saving Tip:

In general, lawns only need to be watered once every three days.

Check your irrigation controller and reduce watering times if necessary.

  • Anatomy

  • Culture

  • Design

Plant Type

Broadleaf Evergreen, Shrub, Perennial, Herb


Height Range



Flower Color



Flower Season



Leaf Color

Grey Green, Light Green, Purple, White, Variegated


Bark Color

Brown, Grey


Fruit Color



Fruit Season








Growth Rate



Soil Type

Sandy, Clay, Loam, Rocky


Soil Condition

Average, Poor, Well-drained, Dry


Soil pH

Neutral, Basic


Adverse Factors

Attracts Bees

Design Styles

English Cottage, Mediterranean, Ranch, Spanish


Accenting Features

Fragrance, Unusual Foliage


Seasonal Interest



Location Uses

Entry, Perennial Border, Foundation, Patio, Raised Planter


Special Uses

Cut Flowers, Hedge


Attracts Wildlife

Hummingbirds, Butterflies

Information by: Stephanie Duer
Photographer: Linda Engstrom
  • Description

  • Notes

This shrubby perennial is the classic garden sage of culinary goodness. It grows 2 to 3 feet tall and at least as wide and with age, grows quite the woody base. Foliage is gray green, long and oval, slightly pubescent, and highly aromatic. Flowers appear in May, forming nearly true blue spires. A beautiful cut flower, they are also edible. Attractive to bees, hummingbirds, and butterflies. Leaves are excellent fresh or dried, in marinades, pesto, stuffing, and fried whole. There are varieties with purple, yellow, and variegated foliage.
Garden sage needs full sun and loose, well drained soil. In time, it can form a very wood structure; pruning hard in the late winter will result in more branching, leading to more leaves and flowers. Semi-evergreen, it holds onto its leaves late into the fall and early winter. If planted where it receives reflective heat, it can be evergreen. A culinary herb with edible leaves and flowers.